Application of Parallel Importation and Voluntary License in the Covid-19 Vaccines Patent as a Strategy for Handling the Health Emergency Situations in Indonesia

Kukuh Tejomurti, Pujiyono Pujiyono, Pranoto Pranoto, Umi Khaerah Pati

Abstract


This article examines how the application of Parallel Importation and Voluntary License in the Application of the Covid-19 Vaccine Patent as a Strategy for Handling Health Emergency Situations in Indonesia. The problem of the Covid-19 vaccine happens in many countries around the world, including Indonesia whos trying to find a vaccine that can neutralize the Covid-19 Virus. As a consequence of the tremendous demand for vaccines, the world pharmaceutical industry is encouraged to provide Covid-19 vaccines for the needs of 7.8 billion. This article uses normative legal research with a statute, conceptual, and comparative law approach. The results showed that mechanisms such as parallel importation and voluntary licenses could be reached to procure the Covid-19 vaccine. If parallel importation and voluntary licenses are not successful, then the Government shall take a win-lose approach, such as Compulsory Licensing and Use of Patents by the Government, or initiate an anti-monopoly lawsuit.


Keywords


Covid-19 vaccine, patent, parallel importation

Full Text:

PDF

References


Agung Prakoso & Rachmi Hertanti, Webinar Seri Diskusi Keadilan Ekonomi IGJ: Indonesia Dalam Pusaran Covid-19, Indonesia for Global Justice pada 19 Mei 2020

Agus Rizal Ardy Hariandy Hamid, Social Responsibility of Medical Journal: A Concern for Covid-19 Pandemic, Medical Journal of Indonesia Volume 29 Nomor 1 (March 2020), p. 102, https://doi.org/10.13181/mji.ed.204629

Andrej Zwitter & Oskar J. Gstrein, Big Data, Privacy and Covid-19-Learning from humanitarian expertise in data protection, Journal of International Humanitarian Action, Volume 4 (2020), pp. 199-200

Eric Mangajaya, Akses pada Obat Covid-19, https://kumparan.com/erik-mangajaya-simatupang/akses-pada-obat-covid-19-1tJqe1Xgqwt, diakses pada 8 September 2020).

Fedson, D. S. (2005). Preparing for pandemic vaccination: an international policy agenda for vaccine development. Journal of public health policy, 26(1), 4-29.

Hannah Van Kolfshooten, Covid-19 and Privacy in the European Union: A legal Perspective on Contact Tracing, Amsterdam Law School Research Paper No. 2020-18

https://twn.my/title2/health.info/2020/hi200506.htm diakses pada 8 September 2020

Humanity cannot afford a COVID 19 patent battle. Australian Academy of Science.

Kremer, M. (2000). Creating markets for new vaccines. Part I: rationale. Innovation policy and the economy, 1, 35-72.

Lutfiyah Hanim, Webinar Seri Diskusi Keadilan Ekonomi IGJ: Indonesia Dalam Pusaran Covid-19, Indonesia for Global Justice pada 19 Mei 2020

Mahoney, R. T., Pablos-Mendez, A., & Ramachandran, S. (2004). The introduction of new vaccines into developing countries: III. The role of intellectual property. Vaccine, 22(5-6), 786-792.

Munoz Tellez, V. (2020). The COVID-19 Pandemic: R&D and Intellectual Property Management for Access to Diagnostics, Medicines and Vaccines. Medicines and Vaccines (April 10, 2020).

Padmanabhan, S., Amin, T., Sampat, B., Cook-Deegan, R., & Chandrasekharan, S. (2010). Intellectual property, technology transfer and manufacture of low-cost HPV vaccines in India. Nature biotechnology, 28(7), 671-678.

Santos Rutschman, A. (2020). The COVID-19 Vaccine Race: Intellectual Property, Collaboration (s), Nationalism and Misinformation. Washington University Journal of Law and Policy, 64.

Shreshth Tuli and Shikhar Tuli, Predicting the Growth and Trend of Covid-19 Pandemic using Machine Learning and Cloud Computing, Journal of Internet of Things Volume 11, September 2020, pp. 1-16

Tejomurti, K. (2017). Pertanggungjawaban Hukum yang Berkeadilan terhadap Aparatur Pemerintah pada Kasus Pengadaang Barang dan Jasa. Dialogia Iuridica: Jurnal Hukum Bisnis dan Investasi, 8(2), 42-52.

Tejomurti, K. (2017). Pertanggungjawaban Hukum yang Berkeadilan terhadap Aparatur Pemerintah pada Kasus Pengadaang Barang dan Jasa. Dialogia Iuridica: Jurnal Hukum Bisnis dan Investasi, 8(2), 42-52.

Tejomurti, K., & Widyantari, P. (2018). SMART CITY: OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES IN PUBLIC SERVICES AND ITS RELATION TO THE PROTECTION OF RIGHTS AND PRIVACY IN BIG-DATA ERA. Hang Tuah Law Journal, 2(2), 116-127

Tejomurti, K., Gumbira, S. W., Husna, N. F., & Jaelani, A. K. (2020). Nurhidayatuloh,“Urgency of Applying Regulatory Sandbox as A Legal Protection Efforts For Equity Crowdfunding Investors”. International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology, 29(4).




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30649/htlj.v4i2.185

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Lisensi Creative Commons
Hang Tuah Law Journal (Print ISSN: 2549-2055 | Online ISSN: 2549-2071) is licensed under a Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi 4.0 Internasional. Published by Hang Tuah University, Surabaya, Indonesia.
Google scholarcrossrefROAD ISSN Portal Garuda